United States National Academy of Sciences, Julia M. Puaschunder, Washington D.C.

Science Diplomacy

Science Diplomacy acknowledges problems that are too urgent, large and complex to be solved by one or some nation states to be tackled with scientific leadership. Climate change, global pandemics but also political tensions demand for scientific attention that can complement traditional national diplomacy for reaching compromise. Scientists can agree on scientific facts leaving aside political frictions and historical national denominations.

Science Diplomacy complements traditional soft diplomacy with rational focus on hard measurable facts. Diplomacy in science helps foster heterodox scientific ethics skills in academia in the diplomatic appreciation of differences and high culture of respectful debate.

But what countries can push effectively for scientific ideas to initiate societal change due to established scientific collaborations and diplomatic exchange?

The Science Diplomacy Index outlines international differences in addressing international crises and global challenges with complementary science diplomacy means. The index ranks countries based on established science diplomacy networks. Science Diplomacy is measured by (1) the Academia quota per country, (2) the density and world ranking of national academic institutions as well as (3) diplomatic relations in embassies, consulates and other representations abroad.

The Science Diplomacy Index highlights countries with highest science diplomacy rates in red and light green.

The Science Diplomacy Index applied on Climate Justice.

Julia M. Puaschunder is engaging curious communities since 1999 in worldwide information exchange, publications and presentation endeavors.

Women’s History Month, Press Release feature, Office of Science and Technology, Embassy of Austria to the United States


Advisory Board

Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

International Journal of Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility, IGI Global Publishing, Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States.

The Oxford Academic Research Network, Oxford, Oxford University, United Kingdom.

EcoWellness Group, Berlin & Vienna, Germany & Austria, European Union.

Viennese Opera Ball in New York, International Business Committee Member, New York, New York, USA.



Academic Council on the United Nations System Expert on Climate Change

European/International Joint PhD in Social Representation and Communication Center and Multimedia Lab, Università degli Studi “La Sapienza,” Facoltà di Medicina e Psicologia, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, European Union.



Austrian Society for New Institutional Economics, Vienna, Austria, European Union.


Invited Honorary Fellow

Hanken Centre for Accounting, Finance and Governance at the Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland, European Union.


Board Member

Friends of the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), board member, Laxenburg, Austria, European Union.



Alpbach Laxenburg Group, Member 2016, Tyrol, Austria, European Union.

Bertoldi Group, Materials and Structures by Design, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University, United States.

Friends of the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, European Union.

Rosalind Member London Journals Press, United Kingdom.

Society for International Development (SID) Vienna, Austria Chapter.

The Association of European Operational Research Societies, EURO working group on Behavioural Operational Research, Europe.

US Austrian Chamber of Commerce, New York, New York, United States.


Young Scientist

2018: George Washington University, Center for International Business Education and Research, Summer Institute Fellowship

2016: Young Scientists Summer Program (YSSP), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, EU

2015: PhD Sustainability Academy, Ivey Business School, Centre for Building Sustainable Value, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.


Editorial Board Member

Discover Global Society, Springer Nature

European Scientific Journal

Frontiers in Climate: Climate and Decision Making (Special Issue: Women in Climate: Climate and Decision Making)

Human Resources Management and Services

International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

International Journal of Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility

Information Technology Applications for Strategic Competitive Advantage and Decision Making (2020). IGI Global.

Journal of Applied Research in the Digital Economy

Journal of Quality in Health Care & Economics

Journal of Sociology

Journal of the Academy of Behavioral Finance & Economics

The Situationist Project on Law and Mind Sciences, Harvard Law School, Harvard University.

Springer Nature: Applied Sciences, Engineering Education Research (EER) section

Springer Nature: Socio-cognitive engineering (SCE) research section

Springer Nature: Interdisciplinary Engineering Education Research

Women in Science: Climate and Decision Making 2021 collection: Leadership of Gendered Impacts of Climate Change: Women and Transformative Research, Policy and Practice



European Journal of Economics, Law and Politics

Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies Conference Proceedings 2018, 2020, 2021, 2022

Scientia Moralitas Conference Proceedings 2023


Guest editor

Ecowellnss Group, Vienna & Berlin, European Union.

Journal of International Policy and Public Affairs, Princeton University, New Jersey, United States.

Vernon Press, Wilmington, Delaware, United States.

IGI Publishing, Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States.


Editorial Board Member & Section Editor

Emerald Journal of Applied Accounting Research, Section Editor: Organizations and Accounting


Section Editor

Current Environmental Management Journal


Review Board Member

Journal of Medical Ethics

Journal of Risk and Financial Management

Virtual Economy


Contributing reviewer

International Journal of Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility (IGI)



Academy of Management Discoveries

Advances in Research

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology

British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade (Science Domain International)

Business & Professional Ethics Journal (Thomas Reuters)

Comparative Perspectives on Global Corporate Social Responsibility (IGI Global Publishing)

Ecowellness Competition Jury

Environment, Development and Sustainability (Springer)



Global Environmental Politics

Handbook on Social and Sustainable Finance (Routledge)


Humanities and Social Sciences Communications (Springer Nature)

International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics (Springer Nature)

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research (Emerald)

International Journal of Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility (IJSECSR)

Israel Science Foundation

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science

Journal of International Policy and Public Affairs (Princeton University)

Journal of Sustainable Finance and Investment (Taylor & Francis)

Lucius & Lucius

Mathematical and Computer Modelling of Dynamical Systems (Taylor & Francis)

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Nature Climate Change (Springer)

Nordic Journal of Human Rights (Routledge)

Oxford University Press


Politikon (International Association for Political Science)

Portuguese Finance Network

Princeton University Press


Social Justice Research (Springer, Personality and Social Psychology)

Scientia Moralitas Conference

Sustainable Production and Consumption (Elsevier)

Transfer: Werbeforschung und Praxis (Vienna University of Economics and Business)

Vernon Press

World Journal of Agricultural Sciences (International Digital Organization for Scientific Information, Dubai)


Expert Interviews

Agenda for Global Innovation and Digital Ethics (AGIDE), Austrian Academy of Sciences, January 4, 2023

Expert interview on Habit Formation in Behavioral Economics, 2022

Times Higher Education Global Academic Reputation Survey, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, 2021, 2022

Expert interview on Qualitative Study of the Ethics of Climate Change and the Green New Deal, Centre for Corporate Sustainability and Environmental Finance, Department of Applied Finance, Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, May 28, 2021

Expert interview on COVID-19 long-term healthcare implications, 2021

Expert interview on Capitalism crowding out fertility, The New York Times, June 15, 2020


Honor Society

Columbia University

Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs


Conference Invitations

2012 The White House of the United States conference call on Environmental Justice

2011 Administrative Conference of the United States